Những cấu trúc ngữ pháp đồng nghĩa trong tiếng Anh

Bạn đã bao giờ gặp dạng bài tập về câu đồng nghĩa trong tiếng Anh chưa? Bạn lúng túng không biết phải làm như thế nào?

Câu đồng nghĩa là một trong những ngữ pháp quan trọng mà hầu hết các bài thi đều hỏi đến. Bài viết dưới đây sẽ chia sẻ đến bạn những cấu trúc ngữ pháp đồng nghĩa hay gặp trong tiếng Anh.

1.  It’s adj (for Sb) to do sth

=> Doing sth be ADJ (for sb)  
=> S find Ving/ it/ N + ADJ to do sth

 Ex:   It’s difficult for me to learn English.

= Learning English is difficult for me.

= I find it hard to learn English.

= I find learning English difficult.

2. Cấu trúc  bắt đầu làm gì

S + began / started + to V/ V-ing + time ago
= S + have/ has + P2 / been Ving+ for / since …

Ex:  She began to play the piano 5 years ago

=> She has played/ has been playing the piano for 5 years.

3. Cấu trúc Even though và Despite

Despite + N/ V_ing, S + V + O
= Even though S + V + O, S + V + O

Ex: Despite having a lot of money, he’s still lonely.

=> Even though he has a lot of money, he’s still lonely.

4. Viết lại câu với “high time”

S + should/ must/ ought to + V
= It’s high time S + V-ed + O

Ex: The Minister of Ministry of Education and Training should take solutions to deal with cheating on exams.

=> It’s high time The Minister of Ministry of Education and Training took solutions to deal with cheating on exams.

5. So sánh nhất

Đối với tính từ dài

This is + the most + adj + N + S + have/ has + V (P2)
=S + have/ has + never + V (P2) + such  a/ an + adj + N
=S + have/ has + never + V (P2)  + a more + adj + N than this

Đối với tính từ ngắn

This is the + adj – est + N + S + have/has + V(P2)
= S + have/has+ never + V (P2) + such  a/an + adj + N
=S + have/ has + never + V (P2)  + adj – er + N than this

Ex : This is the most interesting novel I have ever read.

=> I have never read such an interesting novel.

=> I have never read a more interesting novel than this (one/ novel).

6. Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth

VD: We succeeded in digging the Panama cannel

= We managed to dig the Panama cannel

7. Cấu trúc thích cái gì đó   

S + be + interested in + N/ V-ing.
= S + enjoy + N/V-ing
= S + be + keen on + N/V-ing

Ex: I’m interested in traveling.

=  I enjoy traveling.

=  I’m keen on traveling.        

8. Dùng Should thay cho If trong câu điều kiện loại 1

If + S + V, S + will/shall + V + O 
= Should S + V, S + will/shall + V + O

Ex: If he kicks the dog, he will be biten.

=> Should he kick the dog, he will be biten.

9. Dùng 1 số liên từ đặc biệt thay cho If trong câu điều kiện loại 1

If + S + V, S + will/shall + V + O
= S + will/shall + V + O in case S + V
= S + will/shall + V + O provided/providing S + V
= S + will/shall + V + O on the condition that S + V

Ex: The President will succeed in the election If he/she gets over Two Third (2/3) of the total number of votes

= The President will succeed in the election on the condition that he/she gets over Two Third (2/3) of the total number of      votes

10. Viết lại câu chuyển đổi giữa When và Since/For

S + V_quá_khứ_đơn + O + when + mốc thời gian.
= S + have/has + PII + Since/For + thời gian.

Chú ý:  Since đi với 1 mốc thời gian  còn For đi với 1 khoảng thời gian

Ex:

  • I have learnt English for 10 years.
  • She has played piano since 1998.

Ex: I played the guitar when I was on high school.

 => I have played the guitar since I was on high school.

11. Bài tập

Viết lại câu với nghĩa không đổi

1. I enjoy playing football.

=>………………………………………………………………………

=>………………………………………………………………………

2. I’m keen on learning a new language.

=>………………………………………………………………………

=>………………………………………………………………………

3. Do you enjoy playing tennis ?

=>………………………………………………………………………

=>…………………………………………………….…………………

4. He ‘s not interested in working in an office.

=>………………………………………………………………………

=>………………………………………………………………………

5.If the weather is fine we will go picnic.

=> Should………………………………………………………………

6. If he lends me some money, I will buy that house.

=>Should………………………………………………………

7. If you should meet her,tell her to call me.

=> Should……………………………………………………….

8. If you should run into Tom, tell him he owes me a letter. 

=> Should …………………………………………………………

9.Should Mary study hard, she will pass her exam.

=> If ………………………………………………………………..

10. My mother will let me use her phone on the condition that I finish my homework.(If)

 =>………………………………………………………………….

11. If it’s sunny we’ll go to the beach. (Provided)

=>…………………………………………………………………….

12. He won’t go with us if you don’t talk to him. (On the condition)

=> ……………………………………………………………………

13. I started learning Chinese four years ago.(For)

=> ……………………………………………………………………

14. He began to cook when he was eight. (since)

=> …………………………………………………………………….

15. I have lived in Hanoi since I was still a student. (when)

=> ………………………………………………………………………

Đáp án

  1. I’m interested in playing football.

   I’m keen on playing football.

2. I enjoy learning a new language.

   I’m interested in learning a new language.

3. Are you keen on playing tennis?

   Are you interested in playing tennis?                                                    

 4.He doesn’t enjoy working in an office.

He’s not keen on working in an office 

 5. Should the weather be fine, we will go picnic.

 6. Should he lend some money,I will buy that house

 7. Should you meet her,tell her to call me.

 8. Should you run into Tom,tell him he still owe me a letter.

 9. If Mary study hard,she will pass her exam.

10. My mother will let me use her phone if I finish my homework.

11. We’ll go to the beach provided that it’s sunny.

12. He will go with us on the condition that you talk to him.

13. I have learned Chinese for 4 years.

14. He has cooked since he was eight years old.

15. I started living in Hanoi when I was still a student.

 Trên đây là những câu đồng nghĩa trong tiếng Anh hay gặp và bài tập áp dụng. Các bạn hãy lưu lại và luyện tập mỗi ngày nhé! Chúc các bạn học tốt!

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